Friday, June 09, 2006

a Benign tumour in the uterus

Saraswathy aged about 45 visited the hospital as she did not menstruate for two months. She was afraid that it could be due to pregnancy. Apart from this complaint she was perfectly normal. When she was examined she was found to have a huge tumour , the size of an unshelled coconut. It was so surprising that she did not have any problems. She was operated on and the tumour was removed. One unit of blood was transfused. The tumour was diagnosed as ‘fibroid of the uterus’.
Some information about fibroids….

Uterine fibroid tumors are non cancerous growths in the uterus. Frequently found in women between the ages 30-45, fibroids are the most common type of abnormal pelvic growth in women. They account for about one quarter of all hysterectomies performed in our country.
Fibroids develop from cells in the wall of the uterus. Tumors that grow within the uterine wall rarely produce symptoms if they are small.
Fibroids can also grow beneath the uterine lining. As they expand, they can stretch the endometrium, causing heavy menstrual bleeding and severe pain as the uterus tries to expel the mass. Even small fibroids in this location may cause these symptoms.
Some fibroids grow beneath the outside covering of the uterus, or appear to be attached by a stem like structure to the uterus. All these tumors can grow much larger than the uterus itself.
Large uterine fibroids can cause pain, constipation, frequency of urination and increased menstrual pain and irregularity.
These tumors also can obstruct the fallopian tubes or block implantation of the fertilized egg. If conception does take place, the tumors can cause a miscarriage or premature labor.
The cause of uterine fibroids is unknown, but evidence suggests that their growth is tied to estrogen.
When a woman is pregnant or takes certain birth control pills, both of which increase estrogen levels, the normally slow growth rate of the fibroid often accelerates.

No comments: